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FG May Hike Pump Price, Devalue Naira, Others This Year

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FSDH Research, trusted providers of market intelligence has said that certain key events, both at the global level and in Nigeria, will influence economic and business activities in 2019.

 

FSDH Research examines a few of these events and discusses the implications for businesses and investments in Nigeria.

 

The expected hike in interest rates in major advanced countries will lead to an increase in global yields and may put pressure on currency in Nigeria.

 

There are strong indications that the US Federal Reserve, Bank of England and European Central Bank will increase interest rates in 2019. The expected increase in the interest rate in the international market may also lead to an increase in the interest rate in Nigeria because of monetary policy adjustments to reduce capital flight.

 

Nigeria may lose a substantial amount of its projected crude oil revenue due to a limit on crude oil production and the drop in the global crude oil price. This may also lead to a drop in the supply of foreign exchange into Nigeria, resulting in a possible depreciation or devaluation of the Naira.

 

Nigerian businesses should look for local alternatives, where possible, for the raw materials needed for their production process.

 

They should also limit or eliminate foreign debt, particularly if they do not have foreign exchange receivables to mitigate the possible foreign exchange risk.

 

FSDH Research also advises that businesses should put in place appropriate foreign exchange hedging strategies. The Q3 2018 Balance of Payment (BoP) report that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) published shows that earnings from crude oil and gas accounted for 94.4 percent of total export earnings during the period.

 

The external trade report that the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) published for Q3 2018 shows that crude oil exports accounted for 85 percent of total exports. Therefore, any adverse movement in crude oil price or production has high negative implications on the Nigerian economy.

 

Although FSDH Research expects the general election in 2019 to be peaceful, its outcome will determine economic activity and business in Nigeria.

 

A peaceful election will ensure stability of the Nigerian economy and pave the way for the flow of investments, both Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) and Foreign Portfolio Investments (FPIs) into Nigeria. Certain longterm business and investment decisions may be taken immediately after the election if the current government retains power.

 

However, if there is a change in power, investors may wait until after the presidential inauguration on May 29 before they take long-term investment decisions, to give them enough time to access details of the policies of the incoming government.

 

There are certain macroeconomic realities that the Nigerian government must contend with in 2019.

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FSDH Research believes the fiscal deficit in 2019 may be higher than in 2018, and higher than what is projected for the year 2019. In order to execute certain plans that will move the economy forward, government may have to increase borrowing or partner with private sector operators on key projects.

 

An increase in borrowing will increase the interest rate, while partnership with the private sector will expand economic activity and create new job opportunities.

 

Already, the ratio of government’s debt service to revenue is high and at an unsustainable level. Therefore, additional debt, in an environment of rising interest rates, may reduce government’s ability to execute critical programmes that will improve the business environment.

 

While fixed income investors may enjoy higher yields in 2019 than in 2018, businesses may suffer under rising interest costs.

 

FSDH Research analysis shows that electricity and the pump price of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) are two key prices that government will need to adjust in 2019 to free up funds for developmental purposes.

 

The adjustment may increase the inflation rate in the short-term, but it will benefit the economy in the long-term. More investments are required in the power sector than are currently available.

 

However, the sector may not attract investment in the absence of a cost-reflective tariff. Government already allows an off-grid power supply arrangement based on ‘willing buyer, willing seller’. The tariff at which this arrangement is settled is higher than the tariff for the power from on-grid supply. Appropriate policy responses from government and strategies from the business community may ameliorate the likely negative impacts of these key events in 2019.


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E-Financial

Unity Bank Unveils 2020 OMG Competition For Children

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In line with the efforts to drive the financial literacy initiatives of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Unity Bank Plc has unveiled its 2020 One Minute Genius (OMG) competition for children.

OMG is an educational gameshow to engage students as part of activities to commemorate Children’s Day.

According to a statement from the bank, over 120 winners are expected to emerge at the end of the 5-day contest that kicked off yesterday June 1, 2020, and run till Friday, June 5th, 2020.

The statement also said that  the competition can be monitored on Beat FM 99.9 Lagos, Beat FM Abuja, 94.1, and online on the Bank’s Website.

“The One Minute Genius is an initiative that underscores Unity Bank’s belief in children, it connects with the Nigerian children’s aspirations and reinforces the importance of education as a vehicle to empower the child to succeed beyond their wildest dreams.” The statement read.

Every Child and student between the ages of 6 –12 years are legible to participate in the game.

The idea is to enable the participant to improve their intelligent quotient and unleash the genius in them. The game will be played as a blend of quizzes containing spelling Bee and Arithmetic questions.

The children that answer the questions correctly within the one-minute stipulated timeframe will be rewarded with cash prizes.

Commenting on the initiative, Funwa Akinmade, Head, Retail and SME Banking, Unity Bank, said the One Minute Genius gameshow is a participatory learning and reward contest aimed at motivating students towards subject mastery using a branch of reinforcement model.

Akinmade urged parents and guardians to avail their wards the opportunity to participate in the competition.

In previous editions of Children’s Day engagement, the Bank hosted students of Kings College Lagos and held Spelling BEE competition to promote financial literacy, leadership, and advocacy against anti-social behaviour among youths.


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CBN Says Claims of N2,000, N5,000 Banknotes in Circulation Fake

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Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on Sunday, denied videos and pictures of the purported circulation of N2, 000 and N5,000 banknotes in the country.

CBN Says Claims of N2,000, N5,000 Banknotes in Circulation Fake

The apex bank in a tweet via the official Twitter handle are warned false and fake.

CBN called on Nigerians to disregard claims of such banknotes and urged members of the public to report anyone found in possession of such to law enforcement agencies.

Recall that in 2013, the CBN under the leadership of Sanusi Lamido Sanusi had said it was going to introduce a N5,000 banknote into the country.

Recently, the social media was abuzz after aman reportedly visited a bank and deposited the sum of N17m with yet to be designed or released N5000 and N2000 naira notes.

In accompany video, a lady could be heard in the clip, revealing how the man stormed the bank with the bundle of new 5000 and 2000 naira notes to deposit it.

 

 

 


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CBN Revises Timelines for ATM Dispense Errors, Refund Complaints

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Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has revised timelines for reversals and/or the resolution of refund complaints on electronic channels, with effect from June 8, 2020.

CBN Revises Timelines for ATM Dispense Errors, Refund Complaints

Mr. Godwin Emefiele, CBN governor

This is to further enhance service quality, particularly quick refunds when customers experience failed transactions, ATM dispense errors or disputes.

Isaac Okorafor, director, Corporate Communications of the apex bank said on Sunday that failed ‘On-Us’ ATM transactions (when customers use their cards on their bank’s ATMs) shall be instantly reversed from the current timeline of three days.

“Where instant reversal fails due to any technical issue or system glitch, the timeline for manual reversal shall not exceed 24 hours.

“Refunds for failed ‘Not-on-Us’ ATM transactions (where customers use their cards on other banks’ ATMs) shall not exceed 48 hours from the current three to five days.

“Resolution of disputed/failed PoS or Web transactions shall be concluded within 72 hours from the current five days.”

He added that all banks had been directed to resolve the backlog of all ATM, POS and Web customer refunds within two weeks starting June 8, 2020.

Meanwhile, key service providers in the Nigerian payments system have also committed to establish an integrated dispute resolution platform for the industry and enhance their payment system infrastructure and processes to reduce incidences of transaction failure.

Okorafor requested bank customers to refer to the updated Guidelines for the Operation of Electronic Payment Channels on the Bank’s website (www.cbn.gov.ng) for further details.

 

 

 


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