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Sustainability of Clean and Renewable Energy

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By Okoko Chidozie Christian

[email protected]; 09025179984.

Modern civilization is possible because people have learned to change energy from one form to another, then use it to do work.

Sustainability of Clean and Renewable Energy

Hence, people use energy for a variety of things such as to walk, ride bicycle, move cars along roads and boats through water, to cook food on stove and gas, to make ice in freezer, to light homes and offices, to manufacture products and to send astronauts into space.(Energy Information Administration, EIA,U.S.A).

Each year, the stakes grow higher in the fight to save the environment and combat global warming, and we are aware of the damaging effects that current dependence on fossil fuel holds for our collective future. So, energy source that cannot be depleted remains viable forever.

Biofuel- the process where fossil fuel is replaced by organic material as an alternative source and sustainable fuel derived from abundant biological source (biomass) provides cleaner combustion and reduces greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere.

For example, the use of biodiesel which has gained recognition as a viable alternative to fossil fuel is renewable and environmental-friendly energy sources, research reveals.

Economically, replacing fossil fuel with biofuel has the potential to generate a number of benefits like increasing farm income because many biofuel feedstocks (raw material used for processing or manufacturing another product) require land, water, and other resources.

Examples of feedstocks include corn, which is used to produce ethanol; soybean oil, which is used to produce biodiesel, a renewable, biodegradable fuel manufactured domestically from vegetable oils, animal fats etc.

Moreover, biomass is a broad term covering all organic materials including that from plants, trees like straw, crop, wood and animals like poultry litters, and can be considered a clean, renewable form of energy and electricity as its growth removes greenhouse gases like carbon-dioxide(CO2) from the atmosphere and stores the carbon-dioxide inside the soil, trees and other vegetation.

This clean energy from renewable, zero emission sources which do not pollute the atmosphere when used as well as energy saved by energy efficiency measures has been very affordable, efficient and inevitable for a sustainable world.

Also, they involve a universal access to electricity and modern energy sources while reducing reliance on fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas, bitumen and oil shales) and transitioning to renewables energy (recyclable source) alternatives. But, the burning issue is that renewable energy consumption has been steadily increased over the last decades and monitored as part of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals, SDGs.

In the United Kingdom, their largest source of renewable energy consumed is not from sun or wind, rather it is from the biomass (biofuel) which is organic material from plants and animals.

And, this has made the UK greenhouse gas emission to fall, and the sources of greenhouse gas emission relating to electricity products changed as the use of renewable source of electricity like biomass has also increased.

Moreover, energy crisis especially the poor access and affordability, demand and supply mismatch, energy inequality, high dependency on non-renewable energy sources are the challenges for sustainable development(Singh. S, et al).

Even, the environment in which organisms live are being polluted due to vast availability of non-renewable energy which will eventually deplete over time.

Today, clean energy has provided us with a variety of environmental and economic benefits including a reduction in air pollution. Thus, a diverse clean energy supply has reduced the dependency on imported fuel (and the associated financial and environmental costs). Also, there is irrelevant cost savings for the clean energy supply because there is no need to extract and transport fuels such as oil or coal, knowing very well that they replenish themselves naturally.

Accordingly, the most important aspect of clean energy are the environmental benefits as part of a global energy futureas reliance of fossil fuels continue to diminish, research unfolds. It has industrially benefitted humans in the field of job creation to develop, manufacture and install the clean energy resource for the future.

Recently, there was a Clean Energy Summit in Dubai, UAE tagged COP28with over ninety-seven thousand (97,000) delegates from 118 countries around the world. The policy of the conference “…to transition away from fossil fuels”- which is the main driver of climate change brings together people to take actions on achieving a common goal and proffer collective solutions to a nagging global concern. So, as we aspire toward global clean and renewable energy sustenance, the cost will fall, and work will be created to develop and install the new energy solutions.

 

 

 


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Students Loans’ Beneficiaries to Start Repayment 2 Years after Graduation-  NELFUND:

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Nigerian Education Loan Fund (NELFUND) has said that students in tertiary institutions and approved vocational centres would start repayment of the loan two years after graduation.

Students Loans’ Beneficiaries to Start Repayment 2 Years after Graduation-  NELFUND:

However, NELFUND management specifically stated that the repayment of the loan would commence if the students secured a job or went into business.

Mr. Akintunde Sawyerr, managing director, NELFUND, said the Act specify a moratorium of two years after graduation for the students to begin repayment of the loan.

Sawyerr said if the students start work, his employer would be expected to remit 10 percent into NELFUND dedicated account.

He added: “The loan does not have a specified repayment tenure. It makes it easy for students to apply for the loan. NELFUND would pay according to the documents provided by the institutions. We cannot put tenure on the loan; some will die, drop out, ‘Japa’ or refuse to pay. While those who went into business would pay into same account.

“It is a revolving a loan. We will not put students under pressure to get the loan and we are not going to state a tenure because it is not a commercial loan.’’

According to him, the loan is meant for students in public universities, polytechnics, colleges of education and vocational institutes, who apply via NELFUND portal and are expected to present their JAMB admission letter, NIN and BVN.

He explained that non-students would not have access to the loan and that NELFUND has put the necessary machinery in place to ensure that beneficiaries can be reached when the need arises.

His words: “We are using technology to run the new system. The process of application is online through our dedicated portal and we are limiting human contact as much as possible. Once you have a Bank Verification Number (BVN) and National Identification Number (NIN), which are parts of the requirements, we will have access to your data and all your accounts. This will also help us to know if you are qualified or not,” Sawyerr stated.

The MD disclosed that students already in institution are eligible to apply for the loan at any level of their study and must be at the beginning of each academic session.

He noted that such students would have to provide their admission and matriculation details in addition to BVN and NIN.

Sawyerr added that about 1.2 million Nigerian students in tertiary institutions and government-recognized vocational centres would be among the first batch of beneficiaries and that the figure would increase as time goes on.

The NELFUND boss disclosed that the scheme would be funded from one per cent of the total annual revenue by the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS), which would amount to N194 billion if the agency meets its projection.

Sawyerr observed that the loan would be paid in two segments, the first, being the school fees, which would be paid directly to the institutions while stipend would be paid into students’ account for their day-to-day upkeep.

He added that the amount individual students would access varies because of the course of study, school fees and geographical location of the institutions.

“You don’t start paying back the loan until two years after your National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) scheme and you have secured a job or business. A beneficiary can defer repayment if he has not secured a job, but if after due diligence, he/she defaulted, then the student becomes a criminal and we will work with government agency that can help us get the money back, for example, EFCC, ICPC,” Sawyerr stated.


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GPA Raises Alarm, Says Malaria Vaccine Can Cause Meningitis

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Global Prolife Alliance (GPA), global health organization, has told the National Assembly that the intended malaria vaccine currently proposed by Bill Gates, American billionaire, for Nigeria can trigger meningitis in the populace.

GPA Raises Alarm, Says Malaria Vaccine Can Cause Meningitis

Dr. Philip Njemanze, chairman of GPA, gave the warning in a statement released to newsmen in Owerri, the Imo state capital.

Njemanze, known for being pro-health in the Catholic church, charged the national assembly not to be in a hurry to succumb to the pressure of the bill currently before the house.

He said the vaccine may trigger the deaths of millions of Nigerian children prone to cerebral meningitis, especially in the northern part of the country.

Part of the letter read “Among the side effects is a tenfold increase in cerebral meningitis. Nigeria is endemic for cerebral meningitis. A tenfold increase could cause the deaths of millions of children, especially in northern Nigeria.

“Please intervene and call for a public hearing, for an open public discussion on the pros and cons with expert opinions from both sides. This will help the Nigerian people to be better informed about granting or withholding consent for the vaccination.

“Your intervention could save millions of lives, especially in northern Nigeria, where meningitis is most endemic, particularly at this time of serious insecurity,” Njemanze warned.

 

 


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NERC Cedes Regulatory Oversight of Enugu Electricity Market to State Government Agency

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The Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) has ceded the regulatory oversight of the Enugu electricity market to the Enugu Electricity Regulatory Commission (EERC), which is owned by the state government with effect from May 1, 2024.

This is the first-ever transfer of regulatory powers from the NERC to a state government electricity regulator.

“On completion of the Transfers under subsections (2) and (3), whichever occurs later in time, the Commission shall have no further regulatory responsibility whatsoever for electricity market activities carried on entirely within the State to which regulatory responsibility has been transferred and for which the Additional Successor Company has been incorporated and conferred with assets, liabilities, employees, rights and obligations,” NERC said in a statement signed by Sanusi Garba and Dafe Akpeneye.


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